अन्ये त्वेवमजानन्तः श्रुत्वाऽन्येभ्य उपासते।
तेऽपि चातितरन्त्येव मृत्युं श्रुतिपरायणाः।।13.26।।
Meaning: Again there are those who, although not conversant in spiritual knowledge, begin to worship the Supreme Person upon hearing about Him from others. Because of their tendency to hear from authorities, they also transcend the path of birth and death.
यावत्सञ्जायते किञ्चित्सत्त्वं स्थावरजङ्गमम्।
Meaning: O chief of the Bharatas, whatever you see in existence, both moving and unmoving, is only the combination of the field of activities and the knower of the field.
समं सर्वेषु भूतेषु तिष्ठन्तं परमेश्वरम्।
विनश्यत्स्वविनश्यन्तं यः पश्यति स पश्यति।।13.28।।
Meaning: One who sees the Supersoul accompanying the individual soul in all bodies and who understands that neither the soul nor the Supersoul is ever destroyed, actually sees.
समं पश्यन्हि सर्वत्र समवस्थितमीश्वरम्।
न हिनस्त्यात्मनाऽऽत्मानं ततो याति परां गतिम्।।13.29।।
Meaning: One who sees the Supersoul in every living entity and equal everywhere does not degrade himself by his mind. Thus he approaches the transcendental destination.
प्रकृत्यैव च कर्माणि क्रियमाणानि सर्वशः।
यः पश्यति तथाऽऽत्मानमकर्तारं स पश्यति
Meaning: One who can see that all activities are performed by the body, which is created of material nature, and sees that the Self does nothing, actually sees.
तत एव च विस्तारं ब्रह्म सम्पद्यते तदा।।13.31।।
Meaning: When a sensible man ceases to see different identities, which are due to different material bodies, he attains to the Brahman conception. Thus he sees that beings are expanded everywhere.
Yesterday we started with the concepts of field – the body, the knower of the field – jiva and the witness of both Parmatma (Supersoul). We also noted how Parbrahman Purushottam enters all the being and resides in their heart as antaryami.
Lord Krishna tells Arjuna, that to realise that Supersoul some people meditate, some go for the cultivation of knowledge while some act without fruitive results. Then there are few others as well who look after other people and being inspired from them they follow this path of spiritual realization. He further tells that, those who follow this path with strong inclination and hear the instructions from the authorities transcend this material world and the cycles of birth and death.
We also read about 24 elements that constitutes this jagat (world) and also the human body differentiated into three types – sthula, sukshma and karana. Those who know themselves to be distinct from their body are the knowers and seers. They realise that Supersoul residing within their own atma as the witness and also in other individual souls. He who understands this that the soul and Supersoul are both eternal and are never destroyed, it is the same Supersoul which exists in all the beings, they transcend this path. They know they are different from their mind as well as the actions performed by their bodies.
Brahman Sampadyate Tada
Means one who sees all as Brahman attains that Brahman.
Normally we categorize our world and its people into their different identities. We say, I am a doctor, I am engineer, I am Christian, I am an actor. But in real we all are individual souls, this is the understanding we derive from the Bhagavad Gita and our scriptures. While rest of other things are our external identities representing our bodies and the belongings. In real a soul has no caste, no religion, no gender, no such nationality, profession or anything like that. The only characteristics of the soul mentioned in our scriptures are Sat-chitt-anand meaning truthful (eternal), consciousness and bliss. Those who understand it well transcend this material world. They are not entangled with the material conception of the life. Being situated in such knowledge they remain aloof from this body and the reactions of the action they perform as a sky remains different although pervading the entire universe.
As a sun remains fixed at a one place but it illuminates the entire world similarly the being (jiva) residing within the heart illuminates the whole body through its consciousness. Those who promote material conception of life are constantly engaged in fulfilling their senses and mind through different materials and sense objects but little do they know that they enjoy all of its pleasure due to the soul (jiva) that resides within their heart. Once that spark diminishes and leaves off the body, it becomes simply a dead-body. You cannot feed it then. You can’t fulfill it with anything then. Therefore, we must realise that we are not the body we inhabit. It’s just a temporary shelter for the jiva. Eternally and verily we are the soul. And one who knows this can easily understand the process of liberation.
भूतप्रकृतिमोक्षं च ये विदुर्यान्ति ते परम्।।13.35।।
Meaning: One who knowingly sees this difference between the body and the owner of the body and can understand the process of liberation from this bondage, also attain to the Supreme goal.
When we distinctly see the body, the owner of the body (knower of the field) and the Supersoul within, then we come closer to attaining our supreme goal and what is that supreme goal, it is, to attain Brahman-realization and serve Para-Brahman Purushottam.
In our next session we will continue with next few chapters and we will discuss about the three modes of material nature, yoga of the Supreme person, divine and demoniac nature and so many other interesting things.
03 May 2020
Gaurav S Kaintura
Note: If you find any error or have any doubts then please notify in the comments, you can also raise your questions. This is something sublime and beyond the comprehension of an average human mind, for any mistake on my part, I ask forgiveness in advance. For there could be any flaws in the expression or iteration but here I try to present best of what I understand and know with best of my intentions.
- Bhagvada Gita: https://asitis.com/